How do I cool down my Mac?

If your Mac is running hot or overheating, there are several steps you can take to help cool it down. Overheating can lead to performance issues, crashes, and hardware problems so it’s important to prevent your Mac from getting too hot.

Quick Tips to Cool Down Your Mac

Here are some quick tips you can try to cool down your Mac right away:

  • Quit any processor-intensive applications that you aren’t using.
  • Close unused tabs in web browsers.
  • Clean out the fan vents using a can of compressed air.
  • Make sure nothing is blocking the ventilation openings on your Mac.
  • Turn your Mac off and let it rest if it feels very hot.
  • Lower the screen brightness.

Determine What’s Causing the Overheating

To properly address overheating on your Mac, you’ll want to figure out what types of tasks or applications are causing it to heat up. Here are some common culprits:

  • Processor-intensive tasks – Things like video editing, 3D rendering, programming, and gaming use up a lot of processing power and can cause overheating.
  • Poorly optimized applications – Some apps are just built badly and use up more resources than they should.
  • Too many apps open – Running a large number of apps at once, especially resource intensive ones, can overtax your Mac.
  • Outdated software – Make sure you’ve installed the latest OS and app updates, as older versions may not run as efficiently.
  • Dust buildup – Dust traps heat and prevents proper airflow, leading to overheating.
  • Blocked vents – Similarly, placing objects over the ventilation openings blocks the flow of air.

Pay attention to when your Mac gets hot and what you’re doing at those times. That should give you a good idea of what’s causing the problem.

Improve Airflow Around Your Mac

One of the best ways to cool down your Mac is making sure air can flow properly around and through it. Here are some tips for improving airflow:

  • Place your Mac on a hard, flat surface rather than on carpets, rugs, or bedding.
  • Leave several inches of clearance around the vents so air can freely flow.
  • Use a laptop stand or cooling pad to elevate your MacBook and prevent surface contact.
  • Remove nearby objects that could be blocking the fans.
  • Clean out the vents with compressed air to remove any dust buildup.
  • Use an external cooling fan positioned near the vents but not blowing directly into them.
  • Keep your Mac out of enclosed spaces like closed cabinets or desks.

Improving the airflow is one of the most effective and simplest ways to prevent overheating. Be mindful of the vent placement and keep them clear.

Adjust Settings to Reduce Overheating

You can also make some settings adjustments to help manage heat on your Mac:

  • Lower brightness – Turn down your screen brightness, especially if you don’t need full brightness.
  • Reduce transparency – Disable transparency effects and animations in System Preferences > Accessibility.
  • Quit unused apps – Always quit processor-intensive apps when you’re done using them.
  • Avoid charges while using – Don’t charge your MacBook while running intensive tasks as this heats the battery.
  • Adjust Energy Saver settings – Moderate processor performance in Energy Saver preferences.
  • Choose a cooler wallpaper – Dark wallpapers retain less heat than bright wallpapers.

Tweaking these settings can result in lower temperatures and less overheating over time. Remember to quit apps you aren’t using and avoid prolonged intensive tasks when possible.

Use an External Cooling Method

If adjusting settings and clearing vents isn’t enough, you may want to invest in an active cooling solution. Here are some options:

  • Laptop cooling pad – These go under your laptop and have built-in fans to enhance airflow.
  • USB-powered external fans – Small USB fans can be positioned near vents to augment airflow.
  • Laptop chill mats – These mats absorb and dissipate heat using phase change materials.
  • Vacuum cooler – A vacuum cooler sucks heat away from the Mac’s underside using a sealed chamber.

The best option depends on your budget and what style of cooling suits your needs. Most active cooling aids will help lower your Mac’s temperature.

Cooling Method Price Range Benefits
Laptop cooling pad $20-$60 – Inexpensive

– Provides active cooling with fans

– Elevates laptop for better airflow

– Wide range available
USB external fans $10-$50 – Very inexpensive

– Highly portable

– Directs airflow where needed
Laptop chill mats $20-$60 – Passive cooling

– No noise from fans

– Reusable for a long time
Vacuum coolers $50-$250 – Most effective at removing heat

– Can lower temperatures significantly

– Typically quiet

Use Recommended Apps to Monitor Temperature

It’s important to monitor your Mac’s temperature to see how hot it’s getting and if cooling methods are working. These apps can help:

  • iStat Menus – Shows CPU and GPU temperature in the menu bar.
  • TG Pro – Monitors fans speeds, temps, and loads for CPU and GPU.
  • Macs Fan Control – Displays temperature sensors and allows custom fan curves.
  • HWMonitor – Simple app to check CPU and GPU temperatures.

Checking in on temperatures periodically can alert you to any overheating issues as they arise. If you see the values climbing higher, take proactive steps to cool your Mac down.

Perform Proper Maintenance

Part of preventing overheating is properly maintaining your Mac. Be sure to:

  • Update to the latest macOS – Older versions run less efficiently.
  • Perform occasional clean installs – Helps reduce clutter and bloat over time.
  • Clean out vents regularly – Prevents dust buildup that traps heat.
  • Replace thermal paste if needed – Improves heat transfer to heatsink.
  • Upgrade storage and RAM – Low storage and memory put more load on the system.

Don’t forget the basic maintenance that keeps your Mac running cooler and optimizing performance.

When to Be Concerned About Overheating

As a general rule of thumb, you should take action if you notice any of the following:

  • Fans are running at full speed constantly
  • Apps are slowing down and taking longer to launch
  • Your Mac feels very hot to the touch
  • You get heat-related error messages
  • Your Mac shuts down unexpectedly due to heat

Consistently high temperatures put strain on your components and can shorten the Mac’s lifespan. If basic cooling methods aren’t working, it’s time to investigate further.

Advanced Troubleshooting for Severe Overheating

For severe overheating not resolved by general cooling methods, you may need to dig deeper:

  • Boot into Safe Mode – This loads minimal processes and helps identify problem software.
  • Check Activity Monitor – Look for any high CPU usage processes.
  • Reapply thermal paste – Old paste can become ineffective at heat transfer.
  • Clear SMC and PRAM – This resets low-level hardware settings.
  • Check fans and sensors – Rule out fan failures or bad sensors reporting incorrect temps.
  • Replace heat sink – If bent or misaligned, the heat sink may need to be replaced.

If you’ve ruled out software causes, there may be an underlying hardware issue in need of professional repair.

When to Take Your Mac to the Genius Bar

If you’ve worked through all troubleshooting steps and your Mac still overheats severely, it’s time to take it in for service. Warning signs your Mac needs professional help include:

  • Overheating even when idle or under light use
  • Frequent unexpected shut downs due to heat
  • Loud, constantly spinning fans
  • Distorted or discolored casing around vents
  • Visible scorch marks inside vents

Damaged fans, sensors, heat sinks, or processors can cause these extreme overheating symptoms. The Genius Bar can assess the extent of the hardware damage and recommend the best repair options.


Keeping your Mac cool is important to ensure optimal performance and long-term reliability. Start with quick fixes like closing apps, clearing vents, and creating airflow. Monitor your temperatures to catch problems early. For severe issues, don’t hesitate to consult professional technicians to inspect and service overheating hardware.

With vigilant maintenance and smart cooling methods, you can enjoy stable temperatures and prevent dangerous overheating of your Mac.