What are the 4 things a recovery plan should include?

A recovery plan is crucial for individuals and organizations to get back on track after unexpected disruptions or setbacks. An effective recovery plan outlines the key steps that need to be taken to restore normal operations and minimize further damage. While the specifics of each recovery plan will vary, most experts agree that all thorough recovery plans should include these 4 core elements:

1. Impact Assessment

The first component of a recovery plan is conducting a thorough impact assessment. This involves identifying exactly what has been affected by the incident, disaster, or disruption. Key questions to answer in the impact assessment include:

What systems, processes, or resources were damaged or made unavailable?

Make a comprehensive list of all equipment, facilities, data, utilities, supplies, third party services etc. that have been compromised and are unable to operate normally. Quantify the magnitude and projected duration of the disruption.

Which critical operations have been interrupted?

Determine which essential functions, workflows, and production processes have ceased or slowed down due to the incident. These are high priority areas for restoration efforts.

Who has been affected?

Identify all staff, customers, suppliers, stakeholders, and anyone else who relies on your organizational operations who are now being impacted by the disruption. Note if any vulnerable populations are disproportionately affected.

What is the financial impact?

Estimate any expected revenue losses, extraordinary costs, or other financial consequences resulting from the incident. This will help secure the necessary funding and resources for recovery.

Conducting a thorough impact assessment provides a clear understanding of the scope and severity of the damage. This enables leadership to prioritize recovery efforts based on what is mission critical.

2. Recovery Goals and Timeline

The next key element of a recovery plan is outlining specific goals and target dates for resuming normal operations:

Define recovery priorities

Based on the impact assessment, management can strategically determine which processes, systems, and resources warrant the highest priority in recovery efforts. Critical business functions and those affecting the most vulnerable should be prioritized first.

Set goals and timeframes

Given the priorities, establish goals and milestones for recovery efforts, including expected timeframes. Set both short-term goals for rapidly restoring critical functions as well as longer-term goals. Ensure these targets are realistic based on organizational capabilities and the extent of the disruption.

Coordinate with partners

If recovery is dependent on actions taken by suppliers, vendors, or other outside parties, communicate these goals and timelines clearly with partners to align efforts. Obtaining vendor guarantees for restoring key utilities, systems, or services by target dates will be important.

Defining goals and timeframes provides structure to recovery efforts and helps motivate staff toward specific ends. It also facilitates monitoring progress.

3. Recovery Strategies and Procedures

Once goals are defined, the recovery plan should lay out the detailed strategies, processes, and procedures to meet these targets in the required timeframes.

Outline restoration procedures

Provide well-documented step-by-step instructions for safely restoring critical systems, relocating operations, procuring necessary resources, and gradually resuming normal workflows. Prioritize procedures for the most essential functions first.

Implement new temporary processes

If normal procedures will remain disrupted for a prolonged period, design alternate interim procedures to meet immediate needs. For example, switching to manual order processing if online systems are down.

Secure additional resources

Determine what extra staffing, facilities, equipment, and outside services will be necessary for recovery efforts. Include providers and costs, and define procurement procedures. Establish vetting processes to verify sources are reputable and reliable during emergency scenarios.

Assign roles and responsibilities

Designate specific roles and tasks to qualified individuals, teams or third party contractors critical for implementing restoration processes and procedures. Outline monitoring procedures to ensure procedures are executed per plan.

Documenting proven strategies and methods for reactivating operations in a stepwise manner is vital for smooth coordination and effective recovery.

4. Communications Protocol

Finally, a complete recovery plan will define communications protocols for connecting with relevant stakeholders throughout the recovery process, including:

Internal communications

Establish methods and frequency for providing status updates to staff and leadership. Specify primary communications channels and designated points of contact for various functions.

Customer communications

Outline timing and methods for notifying customers of service disruptions, estimated timeframes, and progress updates. Designate customer service teams to field inquiries and provide support during recovery.

Public statements

If the disruption warrants public notification, identify spokespersons responsible for conveying key messages to community members, media, and other external stakeholders.

Third party communications

Define procedures for periodic coordination and progress reports with critical suppliers, vendors, partners, regulators, or other involved third parties throughout recovery.

Maintaining consistent, timely, and accurate communications enables coordination and helps maintain trust and confidence. Setting expectations also minimizes confusion.

In summary, an effective recovery plan will include these core elements:

  1. Impact Assessment
  2. Recovery Goals and Timeline
  3. Recovery Strategies and Procedures
  4. Communications Protocol

Taking time to thoroughly plan for potential incidents helps organizations minimize disruptions, rapidly restore critical operations, and emerge stronger than before.

Frequently Asked Questions about Recovery Plans

Here are answers to some common questions regarding recovery planning:

Why is a recovery plan important for an organization?

A recovery plan is a strategic blueprint for responding quickly and effectively to unforeseen operational disruptions. Having established procedures spells out exactly how to get critical functions back online, communicate effectively, and protect assets – minimizing confusion, delays, and additional impacts.

When should organizations create a recovery plan?

Experts recommend developing and documenting a recovery plan well in advance, prior to any emergency occurring. This enables careful consideration of all potential scenarios and recovery strategies, without the pressure of an active crisis. Review and update the plan periodically.

What steps should be taken to develop a recovery plan?

– Conduct a business impact analysis to identify vulnerable operations, resources, staff, and customers.
– Assess potential risks based on likelihood and potential impact.
– Establish a planning team with key department representatives.
– Define priorities, goals, roles, strategies, and detailed procedures.
– Allocate necessary resources and budget.
– Document the plan, review with key stakeholders, and distribute copies.
– Train staff and conduct exercises to validate effectiveness.

How can organizations practice and prepare for executing the recovery plan?

– Conduct tabletop exercises walking through simulated response scenarios
– Test technical recovery procedures to validate effectiveness
– Stage mock disasters and crisis simulations to practice various aspects
– Identify any plan gaps or issues exposed through testing
– Review and revise the plan periodically as needed

Who should have a copy of the recovery plan?

Copies should be maintained by all members of the planning team and recovery response teams. Executive leadership, department managers, system owners, and other key stakeholders should also retain copies. Public portions may be provided to customers, suppliers, and other external parties.

Is a published template or standard framework available?

Some governmental agencies and standards bodies provide templates, checklists, and guidelines to help shape an organization’s business continuity and disaster recovery plans. These resources can provide a helpful starting point. However, each plan should be customized to address an organization’s unique operations, risks, and resources.

What common mistakes should be avoided when developing a recovery plan?

Some key pitfalls include:

– Failing to allocate enough time, budget, and human resources to develop a thorough plan.
– Forgetting to review and update the plan as operations evolve.
– Neglecting to establish metrics for response times and recovered capability.
– Not properly training employees on recovery plan activation and execution.
– Focusing too much on minor details rather than big picture response priorities.

How can technology help with implementing and managing a recovery plan?

Specialized software and information systems can assist by:

– Centralizing plan documentation in accessible formats
– Automatically alerting response personnel when activated
– Backing up critical data offsite
– Monitoring systems health and performance
– Modeling and analyzing various response scenarios
– Managing communications and incident reporting
– Tracking recovery progress and expenses

Table Summary of Key Recovery Plan Components

Plan Element Description
Impact Assessment Identify scope, magnitude, and duration of disruption
Recovery Goals and Timelines Prioritize functions and set target dates for restoration
Recovery Procedures Document strategies and step-by-step procedures to restore operations
Communications Protocol Define methods, spokespersons, and frequency of stakeholder communications


Preparing a detailed recovery plan in advance is one of the most important investments an organization can make to withstand unexpected operational disruptions. A strong recovery plan provides a framework for efficiently restoring critical functions, minimizing financial losses, protecting assets, and communicating effectively. While each plan must be custom-tailored to an organization’s unique risks and resources, most robust recovery plans incorporate the four core elements of impact assessment, recovery goals and timelines, restoration strategies and procedures, and communications protocols. Organization leaders should prioritize recovery planning, as part of broader business continuity management efforts, to build more resilient operations.